The sustainable development of city largely depends upon physical and institutional infrastructure. Transport system as a infrastructure play a critical role in generalizing economic growth and prosperity. The population of city has increase from 2 lakh in 1971 to about 11 lakh in 2011* and the size of the city has also increased considerably from 38.85 Km2 in 1971 to 136.85 Km2 in 2011. During last few decades, the pace of population and vehicle growth has been much higher than the carrying capacity of the roads. Consequently, traffic jam has become the destiny of the people of the Gorakhpur.
City is well connected with other part of the country through roads after construction of a bridge on River Rapti which was inaugurated on 31st May 1965 by Sri G.B. Pant, the then chief minister of U.P. state. The national highway 28 and 29 meet each other in the city. NH28 approach to Lucknow-Delhi in west and in east to Assam through Gopalganj where as NH29 starting from Indo-Nepal border (Sonauli) joins the city to Varanasi, Allahabad and central and southern part of the country. Three other roads also radiate from the city-first (SH81) to Maharajganj and Thuthibari (at Indo Nepal border),second through captainganj to Bagha in Bihar. Another road (SH 01)connect the city with Deoria and finally up to Kolkata. Major Residential colonies, commercial centres, industrial organizations and institutions are located on them.
There are 19 major roads, 24 local roads and many mohall’s roads in the city. Broadly, the roads of the city may be categoriesd into regional roads, major urban roads and local roads.
There two bus stands (Kachuhari and Railway station) of UP State Roadways Transport Corporation and some other unauthorized and private bus station are at Asuran, railway station, RTO office, there are 6 local taxi stand and six tempo stands at Asuran, Railway Station, civil court, Tansport Nagar ,Dharmshala and Normal school which serve the people of local /sub-urban/rural areas to the city.
The condition of internal roads in the city are not well maintained. With the development of commercial centers, the road sides has been encroached . The width of roads are diminishing day by day causing traffic jam . They are not widened in view of the increasing number of the vehicles. Some of the roads are damaged so badly that they are not useful even for pedestrian.Therefore the transport of the city is facing two fold problems, one is the overcrowding of the vehicles on the roads. Second is unavailability of public transport within the city. The three wheelers (only on major road route) and rickshaws are the only means within city transport, which is little bit costly and inconvenient too. Thirdly, the slow speed of traffic generates more amounts of carbon di oxide and raise the temperature of the city..
The city is well connected with rail route with other part of the country. Now the city Gorakhpur is the Head quarter of North Eastern Railway and it is a major centre of North central India. Most of the rail route has converted into Broad Gauge except Anand nagar to Gonda and Captainganj to Siwan. The double line between Lucknow to New Jalpaiguri is in progress and expected to complete in near future.