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Solid Waste

The solid waste generation in the city amounts to approximately 350 tons per day and will increase as the population grows and access to consumer goods increases. There is no organized solid waste management in city .The accumulation and disposal of solid waste is a major concern. The increasing usage of polythene (plastic) shopping bags and other items,  the disposal of waste into the open drains, have  increased drainage congestion and  incidences of water logging.  Gorakhpur municipal corporation is supposed to collect 240 tons of waste  daily and one fifth remains piled up on the road side.  420 tones of  solid waste generated in a week is supposed to be removed by Gorakhpur Municipal Corporation through  saptahik abhiyan (weekly campaign). The rest accumulated mud finds its way  in  the open drains, clogging these further.


At present, the GMC is totally dependent  on contractual laborers for the collection of solid waste. The major concerned problems  are that  there is no  local authority to initiate solid waste management programme,  no permanent dumping ground, no operational incinerator for medical waste and no strategy to sort and recycle the waste leaving aside the revenues generated from composting and other means.  The waste collected from one area is, generally, dumped in another, such as,   low lying water logging prone area. The badly  managed older landfill sites are increasingly  contaminating the groundwater due to leachates about which least is known. In Gorakhpur City ,90 percent drains are not covered. Most of the drains are situated by side of  the roads. A lot of the waste  piled up on  the roadside  falls  in  drains.


The lack of civic sense among people is another important cause of waste scattered  all over and around  roads. There are  solid waste collection or store places   (kurah ghar) at 40 locations prepared by GMC. But the people living in the area do not bother much to throw their garbage into the dumper but scatter  it all over. Sometimes, they  dump their garbage in any open area around their homes, instead of  using   dumper. The major market and commercial establishment ,too, contribute to solid waste mismanagement. According to GMC, the city’s 15 main commercial markets contribute  30 tones of solid waste  per day . Mahewa market is one of the biggest markets for purchase of  vegetable, fruits and fish. The total waste, generated by these markets, is estimated to be around 10 tones per day.  Primary collection or store places prove futile in these markets also  as the waste generated by the market people  are dumped on the streets / roads.


There are  230 hospitals and nursing homes in the city. Many of these consider   waste generated as solid waste and not as bio-degradable waste. For resolving this   situation  , joint effort of  GMC and citizens is imperative. The GMC, alone ,will not be able to solve the solid waste problem. Gorakhpur citizen's will have to participate to save their city.