The solid waste generation in the city amounts to approximately 350 tons per day and will increase as the population grows and access to consumer goods increases. There is no organized solid waste management in city .The accumulation and disposal of solid waste is a major concern. The increasing usage of polythene (plastic) shopping bags and other items, the disposal of waste into the open drains, have increased drainage congestion and incidences of water logging. Gorakhpur municipal corporation is supposed to collect 240 tons of waste daily and one fifth remains piled up on the road side. 420 tones of solid waste generated in a week is supposed to be removed by Gorakhpur Municipal Corporation through saptahik abhiyan (weekly campaign). The rest accumulated mud finds its way in the open drains, clogging these further.
At present, the GMC is totally dependent on contractual laborers for the collection of solid waste. The major concerned problems are that there is no local authority to initiate solid waste management programme, no permanent dumping ground, no operational incinerator for medical waste and no strategy to sort and recycle the waste leaving aside the revenues generated from composting and other means. The waste collected from one area is, generally, dumped in another, such as, low lying water logging prone area. The badly managed older landfill sites are increasingly contaminating the groundwater due to leachates about which least is known. In Gorakhpur City ,90 percent drains are not covered. Most of the drains are situated by side of the roads. A lot of the waste piled up on the roadside falls in drains.
The lack of civic sense among people is another important cause of waste scattered all over and around roads. There are solid waste collection or store places (kurah ghar) at 40 locations prepared by GMC. But the people living in the area do not bother much to throw their garbage into the dumper but scatter it all over. Sometimes, they dump their garbage in any open area around their homes, instead of using dumper. The major market and commercial establishment ,too, contribute to solid waste mismanagement. According to GMC, the city’s 15 main commercial markets contribute 30 tones of solid waste per day . Mahewa market is one of the biggest markets for purchase of vegetable, fruits and fish. The total waste, generated by these markets, is estimated to be around 10 tones per day. Primary collection or store places prove futile in these markets also as the waste generated by the market people are dumped on the streets / roads.
There are 230 hospitals and nursing homes in the city. Many of these consider waste generated as solid waste and not as bio-degradable waste. For resolving this situation , joint effort of GMC and citizens is imperative. The GMC, alone ,will not be able to solve the solid waste problem. Gorakhpur citizen's will have to participate to save their city.